MLA Practice


Browne (1995) states that about 3–10% of the population are predisposed to behave violently when frustrated. Factors that might predispose an individual to behave violently include being abused by a parent, living in a violent home or neighborhood, poverty, inconsistent discipline, etc. (Coyne 206)

This section would be quoted as: TV media can not be the fully blamed for the violence that appears in people. There are always other factors that would affect one’s behavior such as, “being abused by a parent, living in a violent home or neighborhood, poverty, inconsistent discipline, etc” (Coyne 206). This quote was chosen because it discusses what my thesis is about. I specifically used the signal phrase because it directly identifies other proven factors, and this seems more credible since it comes from an expert and not my own opinion.


This concept has been assessed in a variety of cultures; however, varying results are found dependent on the culture studied. (Coyne 206)

This section would be paraphrased as: There are different factors that affect one’s behavior and cause violence. One’s behavior depends on the culture or community that one is apart of.(Coyne 206). This section is summarized because the details of the statistics are very important to mention, without saying everything word for word.


Browne and Pennell (1998) also examined the effects of media violence on young offenders. Three groups (violent offenders, non-violent offenders, and non-offenders) were shown a violent video and then asked about the film immediately and after several months had passed. They were also asked to report on their media violence viewing in general. Interestingly, the biggest differences were found when the non-offender group was compared to the offender group as a whole. In particular, offenders preferred more violent films, identified more with violent characters, and were more excited by the portrayed violence than non-offenders. Violent and non-violent offenders showed little differences in how they reacted to filmed violence, although violent offenders were more likely to prefer violent films. Not surprisingly, the offenders as a whole also came from more violent backgrounds, including having abusive parents, witnessing family violence, etc., although violent offenders came from the most violent background of any group. The link between such a family environment and delinquency is well established; therefore, this study only shows that having such an environment might make an individual particularly susceptible to violent films. Further highlighting this view, when the experience of abuse was controlled for, the difference between violent and non-violent offenders in preference for violent films disappeared. (Coyne 207)

Since this is a very long paragraph, it is important to summarize because it contains the main point of the expert and highlights the reason for my thesis. This paragraph would be too long to quote directly into a research paper, because it would be overwhelming for the reader, which will eventually cause them to miss the main point of this section. This section would not be right for paraphrasing, because it is too long for just rearrangement. Summarizing encases the entire idea while being short and to the point. This sentence would be summarized as: Violence is determined by one’s background rather than one’s crime committed. Factors such as abuse, poverty, surroundings of violence can cause one to turn to delinquency. Because of this, people of violence turn to violent films because they can relate with what is going on. This was proven by a study by Brown and Pennell in 1995 with violent and non-violent criminals (Coyne 207).


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